Alabai, a middleasian shepherd is an old dog's race which was used
for guarding of the sheep from the woolves and the other beasts, as well as
for defending of the people in the caravans. This race comes from south of
Turkmenistan and originates from Tibetan dog of 4000 years ago.
We can find
them in the area of Middle Asia (Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan,
Kazachstan, Iran and Mongolia). A hundred years of selection resulted in a
great improvement of the race because only the best issues were chosen from the
litter and they appeared to be the best fighters against the woolves and also the
Bad life conditions of these dogs also contributed to the natural
selection and a high quality of the race.
Middleasian shepherd is a dog
guarding the whole day, eating a little bit of food mainly hunted by himself,
defending himself and the flock from the wild animals, female is littering and
feeding her youngs by herself.
Only the best survive under these conditions and
that is the reason why this race exists for more than 4000 years.
shepherd stands high temperatures as well as very low temperatures. For example,
winter temperature in Kazachstan is -30* and summer temperature is +40*
There are a few types of this race. Dogs in Tajikistan and Pamir
mountains have longer hair, and dogs from Uzbekistan are lighter (scrawny
type). The best dogs, strong and rough, with a short hair, are in Turkmenistan where
dogs' fights are part of the tradition and national customs. Instead of dogs
exhibitions, dogs' fights are being held there. (foto 1, foto 2).
Turkmenistan's Alabai was
announced for national riches in 1990. and it was forbidden to export this dog
out of the country. Turkmenistan's Alabai – Middleasian shepherd is a big dog
of a rough and strong constitution, strong head, rough skeleton and strong and
well developped dentures. He has short dangling ears which are usually being cut
when he is a few days old (because of fights with woolves). He has a short and
strong neck and his skin is very thick. A part between his chest and the
abdomen is not so prominent. He has wide and strong back, his tail is high and
has a form of a sickle (it is also being cut when he is a few days old).His
hair is tough, thick and flat. Middleasian shepherd appears in white, yellow,
red, grey, tiger, black and the other colours. Middleasian shepherd is a brave
dog with an extraordinary natural instinct for guarding, he is easily trained and he is not agressive towards children.
is a very brave dog with a huge strength, gracious walk and run and a it is a
dog with a great heart.
09.02.2011 / EN
FCI-Standard N° 335
CENTRAL ASIA SHEPHERD DOG
TRANSLATION: Dmitry Mescheryakov, edited by Elena Krutsenko. Revised by Renée Sporre-Willes / Original version (En)
ORIGIN: USSR (Regions of Central Asia)
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID STANDARD: 13.10.2010.
UTILIZATION: Guard and watch dog.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 2 Pinscher & Schnauzer type,
Molossoid Breeds, Swiss Mountain- and Cattle Dogs.
Section 2.2. Molossoid Breeds, Mountain type. Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: Central Asia Shepherd Dog (CASD) is one of the most ancient breed of dogs. They were formed as a breed from natural selection during more than four thousand years in the vast territory, which spreads nowadays from the Caspian Sea to China and from Southern Ural to Afghanistan. Its heritage is from the most ancient dogs of Tibet, Cattle Dogs from various nomad tribes’ dogs that are closely related to the Mongolian Shepherd Dog and the Tibetan Mastiff. The CASD were mainly used to protect cattle, caravans and the owner’s dwellings, and being exposed to rigid natural selection. Hard living conditions and constant struggle against predators have had influence on the shape as well as the dog’s character and it has made it strong, fearless, and taught it to save its energy. In the places of primordial habitation, the CASD were used mainly to protect herds from predators and also as guard dogs.
The work with the breed started in the USSR in the 1930s.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is of harmonious build and large stature, moderately long (neither long nor short in body).
Robust, muscular body, voluminous, but not with visible muscles. Sexual dimorphism is clearly defined. The males are more massive and courageous than females with more pronounced withers and a larger head. Full maturity is reached by the age of 3 years.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of body only slightly exceeds the height at withers. Larger stature is desirable but proportional constitution must remain. Length of forelegs up to the elbow is 50-52 % of the height at the withers. The length of muzzle is less than 1/2 the length of head, but more than a 1/3.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: Self assured, balanced quiet, proud and independent. The dogs are very courageous and have high working capacity, endurance and a natural instinct of territory. Fearlessness towards large predators is a characteristic feature.
HEAD: Massive and in balance with general appearance. Head shape is close to rectangular, seen from above and side.
CRANIAL REGION: Deep in skull. The forehead is flat and the skull part is flat and long. Occiput is well defined but hardly visible, because of well developed muscles. Supraorbital ridges are moderately defined.
Stop: Stop is moderately defined.
Nose: Large, well developed but not exceeding the general contour of the muzzle. Colour of the nose is black but in white and fawn coloured dogs the nose can be lighter.
Muzzle: The muzzle is blunt and of moderate length, it is almost rectangular viewed from above and sides and narrowing very slightly towards the nose. Muzzle is voluminous, deep and well filled under the eyes. Bridge of muzzle is broad, straight and sometimes with a slight down face. Chin is well developed.
Lips: Thick, upper lips tightly covering the lower lips when the mouth is closed. Full black pigmentation is preferable.
Jaws / Teeth: The jaws are strong and broad. Teeth are large, white and close to each other, 42 in total. Incisors are set on a line. Scissors bite, pincer bite and also reversed scissors bite is accepted. Canines are set well apart. An injury to the teeth that does not affect the use of the bite is of no consequence.
Cheeks: The Cheekbones are long and well developed, without interfering with the rectangular shape of head.
Eyes: Medium sized, with oval form, set well apart, looking straight ahead, and moderately deep set. The colour of the eyes from dark brown to hazel. The darker colour is preferable. The eyelids are thick and preferably with lower eye lid not too loose. No visible third eyelid. Fully pigmented eyes rims are preferred. Whatever the colour of coat, eye rims should be black. Expression is confident and dignified.
Ears: Medium sized, triangular shape, thick, low set and hanging. Lower part of ear base is level with, or slightly below the eyes. Traditional ear-cropping, in the fashion illustrated on the cover, is still practiced in country of origin and in countries where it is not prohibited by law.
NECK: The neck is of medium length, very powerful, oval at cross-section, well muscled, and low set. Dewlap is a specific breed feature.
Top line: Well proportioned and well sustained, and must keep typical topline in stance.
Withers: Well defined, especially in males, muscular, long and high, with well defined transition to the back.
Back: Straight, broad, well muscled, the actual length is about ½ of the length from the withers to tail set.
Loin: Short, broad, muscled, slightly arched.
Croup: Moderately long, broad, well muscled, slightly sloping to tail set. The height at the withers exceeds the height over rump by 1-2 cm.
Chest: Deep, long, broad, distinctly developed, ribcage broadening towards the back. False ribs are long. Lower part of the chest is level with the elbow or slightly below. Fore chest extends slightly in front of the humerus/scapula joint.
Underline and belly: Belly is moderately tucked up.
TAIL: Thick at the base and set fairly high. The natural tail is carried in a sickle curve or curled in a loose ring that begins at the last third of the tail. When alert the tail rises to the line of back or slightly above. Hanging at rest. Traditional tail docking, in the fashion illustrated on the cover, is still practiced in country of origin and in countries where it is not prohibited by law.
Natural tail is of equal value to a docked tail.
General appearance: Forelegs are straight with strong bone, seen from the front parallel and not close together. Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
Shoulder: Shoulder blade long, well laid back, forming an angle with the upper arm about 100°. Well muscled.
Upper arm: Oblique, long, and strong.
Elbow: Correctly fitting, turning neither in nor out.
Forearm: Straight, very strong bone, long, oval cross-section.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Moderate length, broad, strong, upright pasterns.
Forefeet: Large, rounded, arching toes, pads are voluminous and thick; nails could be of any color.
General appearance: Viewed from the rear straight and parallel, set a little wider than forequarters.
Thigh: Broad, moderately long and strongly muscled.
Stifle (Knee): Turning neither in nor out. The knee angulation is moderate.
Lower thigh: Of almost the same length as upper thigh.
Hock joint: Moderate angle.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Very strong of moderate length, perpendicular. No dewclaws.
Hind feet: Large, rounded, arching toes, pads are voluminous and thick; nails could be of any color.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Well balanced and elastic. Trot with free reach in the forequarters and with powerful drive from the hindquarters. Top line is steady while moving. All joints to bend without effort. The angulations in hindquarters is more distinct when moving than in standing pose.
SKIN: Thick, sufficiently elastic loose lying to prevent injuries if in combat with predators.
Hair: Abundant, straight coarse and with well developed undercoat. Hair on the head and on the front part of limbs is short and dense. Coat on withers is often longer. The guard coat can be short or slightly longer. Depending on the length of the outer coat there can be either shorter hair (3-5 cm), covering the whole body or with longer hair (7-10 cm) which forms a mane on the neck, feathers behind the ears and on the back parts of the limbs and on the tail.
Colour: Any, except genetic blue and genetic brown in any combination and black mantel on tan.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at the withers: Males: Minimum 70 cms.
Females: Minimum 65 cms.
Large size desirable, but proportional constitution must remain.
Weight Males: Minimum 50 kgs.
Females: Minimum 40 kgs.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
· Slight deviations from the breed type.
· Female tending male type.
· Rounded skull, narrow muzzle & narrow lower jaw, small nose.
· Eyes obliquely or close set, loose eyelids.
· Ears high set.
· Thin or loose hanging lips.
· High over the croup. Slightly short croup.
· Narrow front.
· Exaggerated angulations in hindquarters.
· Splayed feet and long toes.
· Hackney gait, slightly un-balanced movement.
· Very short coat
· Highly strung.
· Significant deviation from required type and constitution.
· Leggy appearance; light in bone, soft muscles.
· Eyes too light or bulging eyes.
· Top line falling away.
· Croup much higher than the withers.
· Narrow, short and steep croup.
· Natural stubbed tail, kinked tail.
· Pasterns too high, down in pastern.
· Hindquarters set too far under body.
· Height at withers 2 cm less than stated minimum.
· Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
· Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities
shall be disqualified.
· Timid, overexcited.
· Male of female type.
· Overshot or distinctly undershot bite.
· Eyes of different colour, blue or green eyes; squint.
· Loose joints.
· Coat of any combination of genetic brown or genetic blue
· Colour that is tan with distinctive black mantle.
· Coat that is curly or soft.
· Unbalanced movement
N.B: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.